“The spinal cord is a central bundle of nerves extending from the brain and branching peripherally, and is responsible for transmitting signals between the brain and the rest of the body. The spinal cord is located within the spinal column. Any trauma to the spinal column or the vertebrae has potential to affect the spinal cord could and result in temporary or permanent neurologic impairments”.
Depending on the level where a spinal cord injury occurs effects physical functions, starting from the point where the injury is in the spinal column. Loss of neurologic function typically occurs below the level of the injury. So the higher the spinal injury is to the spinal column, the greater the loss of function typically experienced.